A direct digital background calibration technique to correct nonlinearity errors in VCO-based 0-1 MASH ΣΔ ADCs is presented. The proposed technique altogether corrects VCO gain error, nonlinearity, and capacitor mismatch of the residue generating DAC. It improves SNDR of the prototype ADC from 60dB to 73.4dB in 2.5MHz signal bandwidth. The ADC consumes 4.8mW from 1.8V supply in 180nm CMOS. The measured convergence time is only 64ms.
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